Marissa Corine van Maaren. Local management of early stage breast cancer and clinical risk prediction of survival. N2 - As local surgery is currently the most important component of curative breast cancer treatment, a large part of the study by focused on trends in breast surgery and survival following breast-conserving therapy and mastectomy. I n the Netherlands, the use of breast-conserving surgery had increased over time. Right after publication of landmark trials in , demonstrating the safety of breast-conserving surgery, a steep rise in the use of breast-conserving surgery was seen. However, even after case mix correction, there was large variation between the nine Dutch regions.
According to the American Cancer Society , about 2, new cases of invasive breast cancer will be diagnosed in the United States in Amongst those new cases, an estimated men will die due to breast cancer this year. They also warn that sometimes breast cancer can cause a lump or swelling under your arm or around your collar bone, signaling it has spread to your lymph nodes. See Gallery. But even then, it can be a bit tricky for a man to detect himself. The extent of spread is one of the most important factors in the prognosis outcome of a breast cancer. Wear gloves when working in the garden, and always wash up before heading inside.
Infiltrating lobular carcinoma of the breast: tumor characteristics and clinical outcome
For example, if prostate cancer has metastasized into the bone, it is treated in the Urologic Oncology Clinic. View our Locations page to find the clinic you need. The bone is a common site for metastasis.
Breast cancer is not a single disease. Researchers now think there may be up to 10 subtypes, with differences in how aggressive the cancer is, and how it responds to treatment. However, significant advances in the early detection and treatment of breast cancer mean more patients are surviving breast cancer than ever before.