An ear infection, also called a middle ear infection, is one of the most common conditions among children. Untreated ear infections can lead to unnecessary pain and permanent hearing loss for your child. An ear infection occurs in the middle ear and is caused by a bacterial or viral infection. It creates pressure in the small space between the eardrum and the back of the throat called the Eustachian tube. Smaller Eustachian tubes are more sensitive to pressure, which causes the ear pain. Eustachian tubes do not work properly when filled with drainage from the nose or mucous from allergies, colds, bacteria, or viruses because the drainage presses on the eardrum, which is what causes the pain.
Ear infections are one of the most common reasons parents take their children to the doctor. The most common type of ear infection is called otitis media. It is caused by swelling and infection of the middle ear. The middle ear is located just behind the eardrum.
Ear infections happen when viruses or bacteria get into the middle ear, the space behind the eardrum. When a child has an ear infection also called otitis media , the middle ear fills with pus infected fluid. The pus pushes on the eardrum, which can be very painful.
Skip to content. Otitis media is another name for a middle ear infection. It means an infection behind your eardrum.